Are you a pepper lover and can’t live without it? Then you may want to consider growing your pepper plants. For those brave enough, peppers are simply a fantastic addition to tons of dishes. But before you start growing pepper, you first need to learn about different types of pepper plants, and you happen to be at the right place cause we’ll be sharing everything we know about the subject.
Why buy peppers at the grocery when you can have your pepper plant at home. You may indeed find a variety of fresh and dried peppers at your local grocery store, but growing some in your garden is a fantastic idea. Your garden will not only look great with the beautiful spectrum of colors provided by the peppers, but you’ll be able to add an enticing bump of flavor to your cooking.
There are several types of pepper plants to grow in your garden, and with so many styles, it can be pretty tricky to choose. One thing is for sure; you can be confident you’ll find a type that suits your palate. Get to know different kinds of pepper plants and discover how these pepper plants can add a touch of color to your garden and, at the same time, entertain your favorite dishes.
Types of Pepper Plants FAQ’s
How do I identify a pepper plant?
Dark seeds indicate the C pubescens species, which would mean the petals will be purple. Tan or yellow-colored seeds mean that the pepper species is mild. Identify the petals of the plant, also called the corolla. Light-colored spots on the petals indicate it is the C baccatum species.
How many types of pepper plants are there?
Due to the large and changing number of cultivars, and the variation of cultivar namings in different regions, this list only gives a few examples of the estimated 50,000 pepper varieties that exist.
What is the origin of pepper plants?
All peppers are a part of the Capsicum family and include both the sweet peppers and the chili peppers (the hot and spicy peppers).
Are ornamental peppers safe to eat?
The ornamental pepper plants are admired by many for their colorful fruits in shades of red, orange, yellow, purple, black, and white. It is easy to find multiple colors present on one plant simultaneously, as the fruits’ color changes as they mature and ripen.
Although ornamental peppers are safe to eat, most people choose to grow them for their attractive color and decorative qualities rather than their flavor- which is extremely hot.
What are some examples of ornamental peppers?
Masquerade, Purple Flash, Medusa, Black Pearl, Chilly Chili, Aurora, Tangerine Dream, Sangria, Cajun Belle, and Chinese 5-Color.
What are some of the types of pepper to grow in your garden?
Habanero Pepper (Capsicum spp)
Habanero pepper is a warm seasoned, firm chili pepper with beautiful yellow, brown, red, and orange fresh colors. It is one of the easiest peppers to grow in pots/containers and one of the worlds’ hottest peppers.
Sweet Peppers (Capsicum spp)
Sweet peppers come in a series of colors (green, red, orange, yellow, purple). Due to their size and mild-sweet taste, sweet peppers are perfect in stuffing but are also incredibly adaptable and add flavor to any dish they are used in.
Bhut Jolokia (Capsicum spp)
The bhut jolokia pepper is an interspecies hybrid (mostly Capsicum chinense with Capsicum frutescens) and a unique pepper. Other names for bhut jolokia pepper include; naga Jolokia, Bih Jolokia, ghost pepper, ghost chili pepper, red naha chili, and ghost chili.
It is often used fresh or dried as an ingredient in spicy foods, and it is the third hottest pepper in the world.
Jalapeno Pepper (Capsicum annuum ‘Jalapeno’)
The Jalapeno Pepper is one of the easiest and fastest pepper to grow. It is a medium-sized chili pepper with 2 to 3 inches long mature fruits. These peppers are primarily used in salads, salsa, and Mexican food.
Other names for Jalapeno pepper include; Chipotle chilies (smoked Jalapeno peppers), Cuaresmeno, Chile Gordo and, Huachinango.
Serrano Pepper (Capsicum annuum ‘Serrano’)
While it is similar in appearance to the Jalapeno pepper, it is smaller and much hotter. The serrano peppers can be found in various colors depending on ripeness, from green to yellow, orange, red, and even brown.
Scotch Bonnet Pepper (Capsicum spp)
Scotch Bonnet is a fruity, fiery, bright-colored pepper whose name comes from its resemblance to the Scottish “tam o’ shanter” hat. It’s used in regional cooking, particularly Caribbean jerk sauce and marinades.
Anaheim Pepper (Capsicum annuum’ Anaheim’)
This pepper plant grows as a perennial, and when well taken care of, it can produce peppers for close to 3 years or more. The Anaheim pepper is one of the best mild peppers to grow, and it’s excellent for stuffing and cooking.
Datil Pepper (Capsicum chinense ‘Datil’)
The datil pepper is a relatively small green to yellowish-golden aromatic hot pepper. The flavor of a datil pepper is unique in that it bears a sweet, fruity tang coupled with its spiciness.
Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum spp)
Cayenne pepper is also known as Guinea spice, cow-horn pepper, aleva, bird pepper, or red pepper. The cayenne is a long and skinny pepper, and it is closely related to Jalapeno and bell peppers. However, Cayenne pepper is much hotter.
Tabasco pepper (Capsicum frutescens ‘Tabasco’)
Tabasco pepper is among the best types of pepper plants whose peppers grow straight up on the vine.
What is the hottest pepper in the world?
Carolina Reaper is one of the best types of hot pepper plants to grow. It is currently the hottest pepper in the world, with approximately 1,400,000 – 2,200,000 Scoville Heat Units.
The Carolina Reaper pepper was created by crossing a Pakistani Naga with a Red Habanero type from St Vincent’s Island in the West Indies and bred in South Carolina.
How to grow different types of peppers?
- Keep your pepper plants protected during germination by starting them from seeds inside. Germination will take roughly two weeks, and then the first four to six weeks of growth should happen inside. Make sure to place them near a window or under a lamp where they will get plenty of light.
- Wait until six weeks after your last frost to transplant the new pepper plants into your garden. Place the rows one foot apart and each plant within the row between one foot and two feet apart, depending on the variety. Make sure the area you choose receives as close to full sunlight as possible.
- How long it takes peppers to mature depends greatly based on the variety. In general, sweet peppers are ready to cultivate in about 50- to 60-days, while some hot pepper varieties can take three times as long to be prepared. Make sure to follow the growing instructions for each pepper type.
Do pepper plants need to be pruned?
Pruning pepper plants to remove yellowing spotted or decaying leaves weekly goes a long way toward limiting fungal diseases common to peppers. You should also trim off any leaves or branches in direct contact with the soil, even higher up on the plants, and arch down to touch the ground.
Types of Pepper Plants
Whether you’re a keen gardener or a complete newbie, this chili kit from Plant Theatre is perfect for personal use or presenting as an original gift. Grow your very own chillis and peppers with six different varieties, which can be grown indoors or outdoors in the summer.
This gardening kit’s sweet & chili pepper seeds grow into mild & hot peppers that help add a kick to your culinary creations.
These mild & hot pepper seeds are lab-tested and great for new & expert gardeners interested in planting a colorful garden.
- Hot Chilli & Sweet Pepper
- Six biodegradable peat starter pots
- Individual packets
The hottest pepper variety as certified by the Guinness Book of Records. It is the Carolina Reaper ( red pods ). It has a unique flavor that many like to use for their specialty food flavors.
Grows to 4′ to 5′ tall and 3′ wide first year. Lives multiple years and is very hardy but will winter kill if frozen. They will produce an abundant crop of pepper pods.
This is a very long-season plant. Seeds were planted in December, which will give you a jump-start on producing that big crop of tasty pepper pods.
- Full Sun
- 5 Feet Height
- Sandy Soil
25+ Seeds of this Exotic Edible Pepper. Each plant has five colors of pepper, and they are tasty. Big yields, and they have some spice to them.
Chinese 5 Pepper Seeds. Seeds are Non-GMO, easy to grow, and hand-packed.
- Non-GMO Seeds
- Exotic Edible Pepper
- 5 Colors
The Big Bertha pepper plant is a must-have for any home gardener. Not only does it bear huge 6-8 inch sweet peppers in abundance, but the bell pepper is a powerhouse full of vitamins and vital nutrients.
The Bell pepper is low in calories and contains considerable Vitamin C (more than an orange). It also contains Vitamins B6, A, B2, B3, and nutrients such as potassium and magnesium.
This is a delicious pepper for stuffing, stir-frying, sauces, salads, adding to salsa, and eating fresh out of the garden. Place plants in a sunny location 18-24 inches apart. They require nutrient-rich loamy (sandy) well-draining soil with adequate watering; one inch per week is good.
- Live plant
- Bell Pepper
Grow a vibrant, colorful garden at home with the provided packets of Yolo Wonder, banana, jalapeno, and cayenne pepper seeds.
A detailed, step-by-step gardener’s guide gives you all the growing and sowing tips you’ll need to make the most out of your outdoor and indoor garden kit.
Experience the exciting world of gardening with these pepper plant seeds; it’s the hobby that grows on you and adds a flavorful kick in the kitchen.
- 4 Delicious Pepper Types